Licences and authorisations required for operation
|Atmospheric Emission Licence||Solid fuels combustion installations used primarily for steam raising or electricity generation.1||List of activities which result in atmospheric emissions which have or may have a significant detrimental effect on the environment2 and accordingly require an Atmospheric Emission Licence before commencement (GN 893): Category 1, Sub-category 1.1.|
|Atmospheric Emission Licence||Gas combustion (including gas turbines burning natural gas) used primarily for steam raising or electricity generation.3||GN 893: Category 1, Sub-category 1.4.|
|Atmospheric Emission Licence||Activities which may be applicable to petroleum energy industries, and which require an Atmospheric Emission Licence, include:
||GN 893: Category 2, Sub-categories 2.1 – 2.5.|
|Atmospheric Emission Licence||Carbonisation and coal gasification activities which may be applicable include:
||GN 893: Category 3, Sub-categories 3.1 – 3.6.|
|Atmospheric Emission Licence||Activities specifically applicable to mineral processing, storage and handling which require an Atmospheric Emission Licence:
||GN 893: Category 5, Sub-categories 5.1 – 5.11.|
|Atmospheric Emission Licence||The production, or use in production of organic chemicals not specified elsewhere including acetylene, acetic, maleic or phthalic anhydride or their acids, carbon disulphide, pyridine, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein and its derivatives, acrylonitrile, amines and synthetic rubber.
The production of organometallic compounds, organic dyes and pigments, surface-active agents.
The polymerisation or co-polymerisation of any unsaturated hydrocarbons, substituted hydrocarbon (including vinyl chloride).
The manufacture, recovery or purification of acrylic acid or any ester of acrylic acid.
The use of toluene di-isocyanate or other di-isocyanate of comparable volatility; or recovery of pyridine.
|GN 893: Category 6.|
|Atmospheric Emission Licence||Activities applicable to the inorganic chemicals industry:4
||GN 893: Category 7, Sub-categories 7.1 – 7.7.|
|Water Use Licence||Taking of water from a water resource.5||National Water Act: Section 21(a).|
|Water Use Licence||Storing water.6||National Water Act: Section 21(b).|
|Water Use Licence||Impeding or diverting the flow of water in a watercourse.7||National Water Act: Section 21(c).|
|Water Use Licence||Engaging in a controlled activity defined as such in section 37(1) or declared under section 38(1) of the National Water Act.8||National Water Act: Section 21(e).|
|Water Use Licence||Discharging waste or water containing waste into a water resource through a pipe, canal, sewer, sea outfall or other conduit.9||National Water Act: Section 21(f).|
|Water Use Licence||Disposing waste in a manner which may detrimentally impact on a water resource.10||National Water Act: Section 21(g).|
|Water Use Licence||Disposing in any manner of water which contains waste from, or which has been heated in, any industrial or power generation process.11||National Water Act: Section 21(h).|
|Water Use Licence||Altering the bed, banks, course or characteristics of a watercourse.12||National Water Act: Section 21(i).|
|Water Use Licence||Removing, discharging or disposing of water found underground if it is necessary for the efficient continuation of an activity or for the safety of people.13||National Water Act: Section 21(j).|
|Registration of dam with a safety risk||The owner of a dam with a safety risk14 must register that dam within 120 days.||National Water Act: Section 120 (read with the Dam Regulations).|
|Waste Management Licence||The disposal of general waste to land covering an area of more than 50 square metres but less than 200 square metres and with a total capacity not exceeding 25 000 tons.||List of waste management activities that have, or are likely to have, a detrimental effect on the environment15 and accordingly require a waste management licence (GN 921): Category A 3(10) (Category B 4(8) if the area exceeds 200 square metres and the total capacity exceeds 25 000 tons).|
|Waste Management Licence||The disposal of any quantity of hazardous waste to land.||GN 921: Category B 4(7).|
|Waste Management Licence||The construction of a facility for a waste management activity listed in Category A (not in isolation to associated waste management activity).||GN 921: Category A 3(12) (or Category B 4(10) where the waste management activity is listed in Category B).|
|No licence, only compliance with Norms and Standards for Storage of Waste, 2013||The storage of general waste at a facility that has the capacity to store in excess of 100 cubic metres of general waste at any one time, excluding the storage of waste in lagoons or temporary16 storage of such waste.||GN 921: Category C 5(1) (or Category C 5(2) where the facility has the capacity to store in excess of 80 cubic metres of hazardous waste).|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development of facilities or infrastructure for the generation of electricity17 from a renewable resource where the electricity output is more than 10 megawatts but less than 20 megawatts or the output is 10 megawatts or less but the total extent of the facility covers an area in excess of 1 hectares.||Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, Listing Notice 118 (Listing Notice 1): Activity 1 (or Listing Notice 2: Activity 1, where the output is 20 megawatts or more).|
|Environmental Authorisation||Development and related operation of facilities or infrastructure for the generation of electricity from non-renewable resources19 where the electricity output is more than 10 megawatts but less than 20 megawatts or the output is 10 megawatts or less but the total extent of the facility covers an area in excess of 1 hectares.||Listing Notice 1: Activity 2 (or Listing Notice 2: Activity 2 where the electricity output is 20 megawatts or more).|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development of infrastructure exceeding 1000 metres in length for the bulk transportation of water20 or storm water with an internal diameter of 0.36 metres or more, or with a peak throughput of 120 litres per second or more, excluding where such facilities or infrastructure are for bulk transportation of water or storm water or storm water drainage inside a road reserve, or where such construction will occur within an urban area.||Listing Notice 1: Activity 9.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development and related operation of infrastructure exceeding 1000 metres in length for the bulk transportation of sewage, effluent, process water, waste water,21 return water, industrial discharge or slimes – (i) with an internal diameter of 0,36 metres or more; or with a peak throughput of 120 litres per second or more.||Listing Notice 1: Activity 10.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development of facilities or infrastructure for the off-stream storage22 of water, including dams and reservoirs, with a combined capacity of 50 000 cubic metres or more, unless such storage falls within the ambit of activity 16 of Listing Notice 2.||Listing Notice 1: Activity 13.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The construction of facilities or infrastructure for the storage, or for the storage and handling, of a dangerous good, where such storage occurs in containers with a combined capacity of 80 but not exceeding 500 cubic metres.23||Listing Notice 1: Activity 14 (or Listing Notice 2: Activity 4, where the capacity exceeds 500 cubic metres).|
|Environmental Authorisation||The underground gasification of 300 kilograms or more coal per day, including any associated operation.||Listing Notice 1: Activity 33.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development and related operation of facilities for the treatment of effluent, wastewater or sewage with a daily throughput capacity of more than 2 000 cubic metres but less than 15 000 cubic metres.24||Listing Notice 1: Activity 25 (or Listing Notice 2: Activity 25, where the throughput capacity exceeds 15 000 cubic metres).|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development and related operation of facilities or infrastructure for nuclear reaction including energy generation, the production, enrichment, processing, reprocessing, storage or disposal of nuclear fuels, radioactive products, nuclear waste or radioactive waste.||Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, Listing Notice 225 (Listing Notice 2): Activity 3.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development and related operation of facilities or infrastructure for the refining, extraction or processing of gas, oil or petroleum products with an installed capacity of 50 cubic metres or more per day, excluding – (i) facilities for the refining, extraction or processing of gas from landfill sites; or (ii) the primary processing of a petroleum resource in which case activity 22 in Listing Notice 2 applies.||Listing Notice 2: Activity 5.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The development of facilities or infrastructure for any process or activity which requires a permit or licence in terms of national or provincial legislation governing the generation or release of emissions, pollution or effluent, excluding activities which are identified in Listing Notice 1, activities which are included in the list of waste management activities published in terms of section 19 of the National Environmental Management: Waste Act (in which case that Act will apply), or facilities with a daily throughput capacity of less than 2000 cubic metres.||Listing Notice 2: Activity 6.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The expansion and related operation of facilities for nuclear reaction including energy generation, the production, enrichment, processing, reprocessing, storage or disposal of nuclear fuels, radioactive products, nuclear waste or radioactive waste.||Listing Notice 2: Activity 29.|
|Environmental Authorisation||The clearance of an area of 300 square metres or more of indigenous vegetation except where such clearance of indigenous vegetation is required for maintenance purposes undertaken in accordance with a maintenance management plan.26||Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations Listing Notice 327 (Listing Notice 3): Activity 12.|
|Heritage Approval||For large-scale developments of the following categories, the heritage resources authority in the applicable area must be notified (and having been notified will assess whether heritage approval is required):28
||National Heritage Resources Act: Section 38.|
|National Forests Act licence||The cutting, disturbing, damaging or destruction of any protected tree29 requires a licence in terms of the National Forests Act.||National Forests Act: Section 15.|
|Mining permit / right||Mining permit or right is required for any mining activities as defined.||Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act: Section 27 / 22.|
|Land use approval||Land in respect of which a mining right / permit application is made must be appropriately zoned for mining.30||Provincial land use planning ordinances.|
|Hazardous substance licence||A licence is required by:31
||Hazardous Substances Act: Section 3.|
- Applicable if company generates some of its own electricity from coal.
- Published under Government Notice 893 in Government Gazette 37054 of 22 November 2013.
- Some companies, like Sasol, have installed gas-fired power plants.
- These activities, such as the production of fertilisers, are generally applicable to the chemicals sector.
- If water is not supplied by the municipality and is not authorised in terms of a general authorisation.
- Most energy and chemical processes require large quantities of water which may be stored on site in a dam.
- If any of the activities impede or divert the flow of water in a watercourse, a Water Use Licence may be required.
- The irrigation of any land with waste or water containing waste generated through any industrial activity or by a waterwork or the intentional recharging of an aquifer with any waste or water containing waste – is regarded as a “controlled activity” (section 37(1), National Water Act). This may be applicable to the energy and chemical sector if any of its waste water is used to irrigate land.
- The energy and chemical sector generally generates large quantities of waste water and if this is discharged in the abovementioned manner, a Water Use Licence may be required.
- Waste generated by the energy and chemical sector and disposed on site may have a detrimental impact on a water resource.
- Energy and chemical processes generally result in disposal of water containing waste.
- If any structures are constructed near or within watercourses, which result in the altering of its characteristics, a Water Use Licence may be required.
- Water that enters mine workings and requires removal may result in the need for a Water Use Licence.
- A “dam with a safety risk” is defined in the National Water Act as “a dam which can contain, store or dam more than 50 000 cubic metres of water, whether that water contains any substance or not, and which has a wall of a vertical height of more than 5 metres, measured as the vertical difference between the lowest downstream ground elevation on the outside of the dam wall and the non-overspill crest level or the general top level of the dam wall”, or is declared a dam with a safety risk under the National Water Act.
- Published under Government Notice 921 in Government Gazette 37083 of 29 November 2013.
- “Temporary storage” is defined in GN921 as “once off storage that does not exceed 90 days”.
- If the company generates its own electricity from a renewable resource it may require Environmental Authorisation.
- GN 983, published in Government Gazette 38282 of 4 December 2014.
- If the company generates its own electricity from non-renewable resources it may need to obtain Environmental Authorisation.
- If facilities are constructed to transport water to site and they meet the thresholds prescribed, Environmental Authorisation may be required.
- If wastewater is generated by the company and they construct facilities to transport such wastewater, this activity may be triggered.
- If water is drawn from water resources and stored on site, Environmental Authorisation may be required for the construction of such a water storage facility or infrastructure.
- Harmful chemicals are often used in the energy and chemical sector and the construction of facilities for their storage may require Environmental Authorisation.
- Most companies in this sector generate large quantities of waste water and would be required to treat it before discharging such water.
- Government Notice R 984 published in Government Gazette 38282 of 4 December 2014.
- Applicable if indigenous vegetation is removed for the construction of any facility.
- Published under Government Notice R 985 in Government Gazette 38282 of 4 December 2014.
- Heritage approval is not required if heritage impacts are assessed as part of an environmental impact assessment process for Environmental Authorisation, provided that comments received from the heritage authority are incorporated into the final report (as per section 38(10) of National Heritage Resources Act).
- A protected tree is defined as a tree declared to be protected, or belonging to a group of trees, woodland or species declared to be protected, under section 12(1) or 14(2) of the National Forests Act.
- Energy and chemical companies, like Sasol, operate their own mines.
- Energy and chemical companies may only sell or use listed hazardous substances with a licence issued in terms of the Hazardous Substances Act.